os-posix.c 9.1 KB
/*
 * os-posix.c
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard
 * Copyright (c) 2010 Red Hat, Inc.
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
 * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
 * THE SOFTWARE.
 */

#include "qemu/osdep.h"
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <grp.h>
#include <libgen.h>

/* Needed early for CONFIG_BSD etc. */
#include "sysemu/sysemu.h"
#include "net/slirp.h"
#include "qemu-options.h"
#include "qemu/error-report.h"
#include "qemu/log.h"
#include "qemu/cutils.h"

#ifdef CONFIG_LINUX
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#endif

/*
 * Must set all three of these at once.
 * Legal combinations are              unset   by name   by uid
 */
static struct passwd *user_pwd;    /*   NULL   non-NULL   NULL   */
static uid_t user_uid = (uid_t)-1; /*   -1      -1        >=0    */
static gid_t user_gid = (gid_t)-1; /*   -1      -1        >=0    */

static const char *chroot_dir;
static int daemonize;
static int daemon_pipe;

void os_setup_early_signal_handling(void)
{
    struct sigaction act;
    sigfillset(&act.sa_mask);
    act.sa_flags = 0;
    act.sa_handler = SIG_IGN;
    sigaction(SIGPIPE, &act, NULL);
}

#ifndef CONFIG_QBOX
static void termsig_handler(int signal, siginfo_t *info, void *c)
{
    qemu_system_killed(info->si_signo, info->si_pid);
}

void os_setup_signal_handling(void)
{
    struct sigaction act;

    memset(&act, 0, sizeof(act));
    act.sa_sigaction = termsig_handler;
    act.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO;
    sigaction(SIGINT,  &act, NULL);
    sigaction(SIGHUP,  &act, NULL);
    sigaction(SIGTERM, &act, NULL);
}
#else
void os_setup_signal_handling(void)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_QBOX */

/* Find a likely location for support files using the location of the binary.
   For installed binaries this will be "$bindir/../share/qemu".  When
   running from the build tree this will be "$bindir/../pc-bios".  */
#define SHARE_SUFFIX "/share/qemu"
#define BUILD_SUFFIX "/pc-bios"
char *os_find_datadir(void)
{
    char *dir, *exec_dir;
    char *res;
    size_t max_len;

    exec_dir = qemu_get_exec_dir();
    if (exec_dir == NULL) {
        return NULL;
    }
    dir = g_path_get_dirname(exec_dir);

    max_len = strlen(dir) +
        MAX(strlen(SHARE_SUFFIX), strlen(BUILD_SUFFIX)) + 1;
    res = g_malloc0(max_len);
    snprintf(res, max_len, "%s%s", dir, SHARE_SUFFIX);
    if (access(res, R_OK)) {
        snprintf(res, max_len, "%s%s", dir, BUILD_SUFFIX);
        if (access(res, R_OK)) {
            g_free(res);
            res = NULL;
        }
    }

    g_free(dir);
    g_free(exec_dir);
    return res;
}
#undef SHARE_SUFFIX
#undef BUILD_SUFFIX

void os_set_proc_name(const char *s)
{
#if defined(PR_SET_NAME)
    char name[16];
    if (!s)
        return;
    pstrcpy(name, sizeof(name), s);
    /* Could rewrite argv[0] too, but that's a bit more complicated.
       This simple way is enough for `top'. */
    if (prctl(PR_SET_NAME, name)) {
        error_report("unable to change process name: %s", strerror(errno));
        exit(1);
    }
#else
    error_report("Change of process name not supported by your OS");
    exit(1);
#endif
}


static bool os_parse_runas_uid_gid(const char *optarg)
{
    unsigned long lv;
    const char *ep;
    uid_t got_uid;
    gid_t got_gid;
    int rc;

    rc = qemu_strtoul(optarg, &ep, 0, &lv);
    got_uid = lv; /* overflow here is ID in C99 */
    if (rc || *ep != ':' || got_uid != lv || got_uid == (uid_t)-1) {
        return false;
    }

    rc = qemu_strtoul(ep + 1, 0, 0, &lv);
    got_gid = lv; /* overflow here is ID in C99 */
    if (rc || got_gid != lv || got_gid == (gid_t)-1) {
        return false;
    }

    user_pwd = NULL;
    user_uid = got_uid;
    user_gid = got_gid;
    return true;
}

/*
 * Parse OS specific command line options.
 * return 0 if option handled, -1 otherwise
 */
int os_parse_cmd_args(int index, const char *optarg)
{
    switch (index) {
    case QEMU_OPTION_runas:
        user_pwd = getpwnam(optarg);
        if (user_pwd) {
            user_uid = -1;
            user_gid = -1;
        } else if (!os_parse_runas_uid_gid(optarg)) {
            error_report("User \"%s\" doesn't exist"
                         " (and is not <uid>:<gid>)",
                         optarg);
            exit(1);
        }
        break;
    case QEMU_OPTION_chroot:
        chroot_dir = optarg;
        break;
    case QEMU_OPTION_daemonize:
        daemonize = 1;
        break;
#if defined(CONFIG_LINUX)
    case QEMU_OPTION_enablefips:
        fips_set_state(true);
        break;
#endif
    default:
        return -1;
    }

    return 0;
}

static void change_process_uid(void)
{
    assert((user_uid == (uid_t)-1) || user_pwd == NULL);
    assert((user_uid == (uid_t)-1) ==
           (user_gid == (gid_t)-1));

    if (user_pwd || user_uid != (uid_t)-1) {
        gid_t intended_gid = user_pwd ? user_pwd->pw_gid : user_gid;
        uid_t intended_uid = user_pwd ? user_pwd->pw_uid : user_uid;
        if (setgid(intended_gid) < 0) {
            error_report("Failed to setgid(%d)", intended_gid);
            exit(1);
        }
        if (user_pwd) {
            if (initgroups(user_pwd->pw_name, user_pwd->pw_gid) < 0) {
                error_report("Failed to initgroups(\"%s\", %d)",
                        user_pwd->pw_name, user_pwd->pw_gid);
                exit(1);
            }
        } else {
            if (setgroups(1, &user_gid) < 0) {
                error_report("Failed to setgroups(1, [%d])",
                        user_gid);
                exit(1);
            }
        }
        if (setuid(intended_uid) < 0) {
            error_report("Failed to setuid(%d)", intended_uid);
            exit(1);
        }
        if (setuid(0) != -1) {
            error_report("Dropping privileges failed");
            exit(1);
        }
    }
}

static void change_root(void)
{
    if (chroot_dir) {
        if (chroot(chroot_dir) < 0) {
            error_report("chroot failed");
            exit(1);
        }
        if (chdir("/")) {
            error_report("not able to chdir to /: %s", strerror(errno));
            exit(1);
        }
    }

}

void os_daemonize(void)
{
    if (daemonize) {
        pid_t pid;
        int fds[2];

#ifdef CONFIG_QBOX
        fprintf(stderr, "can't use daemonize with QBOX\n");
        exit(1);
#endif /* CONFIG_QBOX */

        if (pipe(fds) == -1) {
            exit(1);
        }

        pid = fork();
        if (pid > 0) {
            uint8_t status;
            ssize_t len;

            close(fds[1]);

            do {
                len = read(fds[0], &status, 1);
            } while (len < 0 && errno == EINTR);

            /* only exit successfully if our child actually wrote
             * a one-byte zero to our pipe, upon successful init */
            exit(len == 1 && status == 0 ? 0 : 1);

        } else if (pid < 0) {
            exit(1);
        }

        close(fds[0]);
        daemon_pipe = fds[1];
        qemu_set_cloexec(daemon_pipe);

        setsid();

        pid = fork();
        if (pid > 0) {
            exit(0);
        } else if (pid < 0) {
            exit(1);
        }
        umask(027);

        signal(SIGTSTP, SIG_IGN);
        signal(SIGTTOU, SIG_IGN);
        signal(SIGTTIN, SIG_IGN);
    }
}

void os_setup_post(void)
{
    int fd = 0;

    if (daemonize) {
        if (chdir("/")) {
            error_report("not able to chdir to /: %s", strerror(errno));
            exit(1);
        }
        TFR(fd = qemu_open("/dev/null", O_RDWR));
        if (fd == -1) {
            exit(1);
        }
    }

    change_root();
    change_process_uid();

    if (daemonize) {
        uint8_t status = 0;
        ssize_t len;

        dup2(fd, 0);
        dup2(fd, 1);
        /* In case -D is given do not redirect stderr to /dev/null */
        if (!qemu_logfile) {
            dup2(fd, 2);
        }

        close(fd);

        do {        
            len = write(daemon_pipe, &status, 1);
        } while (len < 0 && errno == EINTR);
        if (len != 1) {
            exit(1);
        }
    }
}

void os_set_line_buffering(void)
{
    setvbuf(stdout, NULL, _IOLBF, 0);
}

bool is_daemonized(void)
{
    return daemonize;
}

int os_mlock(void)
{
    int ret = 0;

    ret = mlockall(MCL_CURRENT | MCL_FUTURE);
    if (ret < 0) {
        error_report("mlockall: %s", strerror(errno));
    }

    return ret;
}